★ Sports occupations and roles - Wiki ..


An athlete is a person who competes in one or more sports that involve physical strength, speed or endurance. The use of the term in such sports as Golf and auto racing is somewhat controversial. Athletes may be professionals or Amateurs. Most professional athletes are particularly well developed physique received extensive physical training and strict exercise accompanied by a strict diet.

Athletic director

Athletic Director, administrator in many clubs or institutions, like colleges and universities, as well as in larger high schools and middle schools, which oversees the work of coaches and all personnel involved in sports programs.

Athletic trainer

Athletic trainer is a certified and licensed health care specialist who is practicing in the field of sports medicine. Athletic training was recognized by the American Medical Association as allied Health Care profession since 1990. As defined by the strategic implementation of the National athletic trainers Association Nata in August 2007: "Athletic training is practiced by athletic trainers, professionals in the health field who collaborate with physicians to optimize activity and quality of life of patients both physically active and sedentary population. Athletic training includes the prevention, diagnosis and intervention of emergency, acute and chronic diseases involving impairment, functional limitations and disability". "Athletic training encompasses the prevention, examination, diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation, a new, acute or chronic injuries and illnesses. Athletic training recognized American Medical Association AMA, health resources administration HRSA and the Department of health and human services HHS as allied Health Care profession." To become a sports coach, you need to have a bachelors degree from an accredited program of professional education at the level, and then sit and pass a Commission certification examination volume. By 2023, all accredited vocational programs will be required to provide masters level education. Then each state has its own regulatory agencies that control the practice of athletic training in their state. The majority of States 42 requires the athletic trainer to obtain a license to practice in this state, 5 States require registration, 2 of the States of new York, South Carolina require certification, while California has no state regulation of the practice of athletic training. Areas of expertise of certified athletic trainers include: Recognize and evaluate injuries. Planning and implementation of integrated programmes for the prevention of injuries and illnesses in athletes. To develop and implement rehabilitation programs for injured athletes. To perform administrative tasks such as maintaining records and preparing reports on injuries and treatment programs. Apply protective or injury-preventive devices such as tape, bandages, braces. First aid or emergency care. Services provided by the athletic trainer take place in a variety of conditions and venues, including actual athletic training institutions, elementary schools, universities, inpatient and outpatient physical rehabilitation clinics, hospitals, doctors offices, community centers, workplaces and even the military. Emerging settings for athletic training include surgical fellowship opportunities.

Ball boy

The ball boys and ball girls are individuals, usually young men, who retrieve and supply balls for players or officials in such sports as football, American football, hockey, cricket, tennis, baseball and basketball. Although not essential, their activities help to speed up the game by reducing the amount of time of inactivity.


For a type of guide for 18th and 19th century travellers see Bear-leader guide. The bear-leader in the past was a man who led bears about the country. In the Middle ages and the Tudor period, these animals were mainly used in the bloody sport of baiting the bear and led from village to village. Performing bears were also common, these guardians were mostly French or the Italians. Later, the phrase "bear-leader" came in common parlance to mean a guardian or Trustee, which accompany any young man of rank and riches during his travels.

Bicycle mechanic

Bike mechanic or bike mechanic is a mechanic who can perform a wide range of repairs on bicycles. The mechanics of the bike can be used in various stores, from large Department stores to small local bike shops, Cycling teams, or Bicycle manufacturers.

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