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Sports business

Sports management is a business involved in sport and recreation. Some examples of sport managers include the front office system in professional sports, managers of College sports, managers of sports facilities, sports marketing, event management, industrial organization, sports Economics, sport Finance, and sports information.

Tetsuro Kiyooka

Tetsuro Kiyooka-Japanese businessman and players agent FIFA. He has a permanent place of residence in Canada, and his ancestors are the Shizoku in the province of Tosa, Japan, and also a distant relative of Roy Kiyooka.

Contract year phenomenon

Contract year Phenomenon is a term used in North American sports to describe the occurrence when athletes perform at a very high level in the season prior to their free Agency rights. Most often, these athletes have seasons that are statistically better than in previous years, but then when they sign a new contract, they will return to their former level of performance. Despite these beliefs, the proposed sports media, some researches show otherwise. Indeed, social psychological research examining the contract year phenomenon in the NBA and MLB found that only scoring statistics in the NBA increased the contract year, however, other statistics such as rebounds, the average level remained normal. In addition, contrary to popular belief, the performance actually decreased in the year after the year of contract instead of return to baseline. In the NBA, for example, has increased over the year contract, but not below the base year after the signing of this transaction. Furthermore, while blocks and steals have not increased during the contract year, they still significantly decreased below baseline the year after. In the MLB, nothing grew for a year contract, but the performance of the batting is still dropped after a year. This is consistent with recent psychological theory that suggests a significant external motivator, such as a big money contract can undermine intrinsic motivation and thus performance. The contract year phenomenon is most associated with the NBA due to the Leagues high salaries and lengthy guaranteed contracts. This phenomenon is sometimes seen in MLB, but it is almost never found in the NFL due to the Leagues relatively low salaries and most importantly, the lack of guaranteed contracts. NFL players who sign contracts with new teams, and then you can run just out of their team, how the team is then held responsible only for the bonuses in the contract. A recent study of major League baseball do not find evidence of a contract year the increase networkers the free agent on the base plus the percentage of traffic OPS at 4-6%. Using fixed effects regression analysis, and taking into account the probability that the player will retire at the end of his contract, which is a statistically significant increase occurs. Players tend, as a rule, a pension will show a decrease in OPS in their contract for a year with financial incentives to improve performance is missing, while healthy, relatively young players to seek a lucrative contract as a free agent and in General to increase their production in order to get a contract. Fixed effects regression modeling captures the changes in players performance relative to its past, thus marking the change in his behavior. Regression using the least squares method is reduced to the differences between the players, dont look at players his contract cycle, and often comes to the conclusion that this is not a one-year contract promotion. This is because high OPS performances associated with the best players mix with lower OPS performances by lesser quality players, in the result, the average duration of the contract year to appear to be zero.

Economics of the FIFA World Cup

The world Cup has a significant impact on the global economy. FIFA, soccer global governing body with 204 member countries, is beginning to see itself as a global "big business".

Financial history of the New York Giants

New York giants, an American football team that plays in the National football League, has been long and at times turbulent financial history. The giants were founded in 1925 by businessman and bookmaker Tim Mara with an investment of $ 500, and became one of the first teams after the five-year-old NFL. Mara passed ownership of the team to his sons Wellington and Jack after the stock market crash in 1929, to insulate the team from creditors. At first the Mara sons owned the team in name only, but they took increasingly larger roles in the organization since the mid 1930-ies. Tim Mara remains involved in team operations until his death in 1959, when his sons assume full control of the club. After passing jacks, in 1965, his son, Tim, took over his share of the team. Although the giants were successful on the field in their initial seasons, they struggled financially. A key event in franchise history occurred in the 11th game of the first season of the giants. The Chicago bears, led by star running back red Grange, came to the city attracted by the Pro football record of 73.000 fans, and giving the giants the much-needed financial inflows. The following year, Grange and his agent formed a rival League and stationed a competing team led by Grange, in new York. Even though the giants lost $50.000 in this season, the rival League folded and was subsumed into the NFL. After these initial difficulties, financial giants as stabiliziruemost, and they led the League in attendance several times in the 1930-ies and 1940-ies. By the beginning of 1960-ies, the giants have firmly established themselves as one of the most popular leagues. However, rather than continue to receive their higher share of League television company, Mara sons insisted on an equal distribution of income to benefit the entire League. Income distribution is still practiced in the NFL today, and is credited with strengthening the League. After struggling in the second half of 1960-ies and 1970-ies all, the giants hired an outsider George young to run the football operation for the first time in decades. The giants on the field product and business aspects improved rapidly following the recruitment of. In 1990, Jack Maras son, Tim, struggling with cancer at the time, sold his half of the team Bob Tisch. It was the first time in franchise history the team not only belongs to the family of Mara. In 2005, Wellington Mara, who has been with the team since its inception in 1925, when he was on the ball, the boy died. His death was followed two weeks later, after the death of Tish. Currently, the giants belonged to the sons of Wellington Mara and Bob Tisch - John K. Mara and Steve Tisch. Evaluation of the franchises current value puts it at $3.2 billion.

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